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Tuesday, April 14, 2015

China to Crack Down on Surrogacy

China will launch another round of nationwide campaigns to crack down on illegal surrogacy, starting this month till the end of the year. China's National Health and Family Planning Commission, or NHFPC, made the announcement on Thursday.

The cross-department campaign will involve 12 government departments focusing on spotting and punishing medical personnel and intermediary agencies, that help perform surrogate pregnancy services.

Internet website, TV, radio and print media that carry surrogacy ads will also be cleansed. Authorities will also step up supervision over the sale and circulation of assisted reproductive technology, or ART, drugs and medical equipment.

Surrogacy is strictly banned in China, but the surrogacy business is still booming in the country as infertility rates keep rising with the years.

China issued provisions in 2001 to regulate the management of ART and sperm banks, strictly prohibiting any form of trade of sperm, ovum or embryo, or any form of surrogacy.

In 2013, China launched a similar campaign against ART abuse.

Surrogacy in other countries:

Australia: Any surrogacy for commercial purposes is banned, but surrogacy via charity groups or between friends would be allowed.

Europe: European countries like France, Switzerland, Germany, Spain, and Italy have strict legislations to ban surrogacy. UK allows surrogacy as a legitimate way of ART, but also bans surrogacy for commercial purposes. UK law defines the one who gives birth to the child as the mother, and the client couple could only acquire parents' identity via legal adoption procedure.

Japan: There is no explicit regulation to ban surrogacy, but surrogacy is not encouraged. However, many Japanese women go to overseas market to seek surrogacy, which often causes a series of troubles.


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